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Launch Complex 34
$6,216,000 and by 1966 $25,340,000
Launch Complex Highlights
- 3 June 1959 - Construction contract awarded
- 8 June 1959 - Construction began on the
complex for a missile named the
Juno V, under the direction of the Army Ballistic
Missile Agency. The name was changed to Saturn in late
1959 and the program was transferred to NASA
- 11 August 1960 - Final inspection of the blockhouse.
The blockhouse is about 1,000' from the launch pad, 120'
in diameter, 30' high and 5-7' thick.
- February 1961 - Launch complex was occupied
- 26 March 1961 - The $4 million service tower was
moved on its tracks for the first time. The launch pad
consists of a reinforced concrete pad, 430' in diameter
and 8" thick, launch pedestal 42' square and 27' high
with a 26' exhaust opening, umbilical tower 24' square
by 240' high, and Mobile Service Tower, 70' x 130' base
and 310' high weighing 2,800 tons.
- 5 June 1961 - NASA accepted the complex
- January 1962 - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
- 23 January 1962 - Contract was
let to extend the height of the tower by 27' to 240' for
- Flame Deflector is 43' long, 32' wide
and 21' high, weighs 150 tons
- LOX tank 125,000 gallons, RP-1
storage consisted of two 30,000 gallon tanks, LH2 tank
- 1963 to 1965 - Launch complex was modified to support the Saturn IB
- 27 October 1961 to 11 October 1968 - Four Saturn I
and three Saturn IB launched
- First four Saturn I missions were
launched to test the propulsion and control systems
- 26 February 1966 - Launches of upgraded Saturn IB
- 27 January 1967 - First manned Saturn IB Apollo test
flight was scheduled for launch on 21 February 1967.
Tragedy struck on 27 January 1967 at 1831 hours when a
flash fire in the capsule killed astronauts Virgil I.
Grissom, Edward H. White III and Roger B. Chaffee.
- 11 October 1968 - First manned Saturn IB Apollo launch, Apollo 7, the only manned Apollo
launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
program continued from neighboring Kennedy
Pads 39A and 39B.
- October 1968 - Held in standby status for possible use in the Skylab program.
- 1 January 1969 - Complex deactivated
- November 1971 - Complex mothballed
- April 1972 - Service structure scrapped
- A second launch pad, 34B, was
scheduled to be built south of the current launch pad,
however it was cancelled because it would have been 730
meters from Launch Complex 20. There was a safety
concern. As a result, the Development
Operations Division gave its approval for the Army
Ballistic Missile Agency's Missile Firing Lab to begin
planning for Launch Complex 37 with two pads north of
Launch Complex 34
Saturn: Launch Complex 34